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How to make movies (the very basics of Filmmaking)

To be completely honest, the filmmaking process can vary for each individual. Movies are created, and the outcome can be magical. Each person has their own unique approach to filmmaking. Have you ever thought about how your favourite movies were produced? If you’re an aspiring filmmaker or someone who is interested in learning the basics of filmmaking, then this guide is perfect for you. In this blog post, I will cover the fundamental principles of filmmaking and provide tips on transforming your creative vision into an impactful film.

At A Glance:

1. Start with an Idea

The beginning of any project is always sparked by an idea. As you move forward, the story you create at the start will serve as a solid foundation for everything else that follows. Start by considering the kind of story you want your film to convey, along with important components such as plot, characters, and conflict. These elements will help guide your project as it progresses.

2. Script Script Script Script

The story is the most crucial aspect of a movie for the audience. Filmmaking as a whole is challenging, but have you ever noticed that we tend to dislike movies with weak storylines? Rarely do we say we disliked a movie solely due to poor acting.
The basis of any fantastic movie is an enthralling script. Regardless of whether it’s a romantic comedy or an action-packed thriller, an expertly crafted script is essential for captivating the audience. As a filmmaker, your responsibility is to bring the story to life on the big screen by meticulously choosing the perfect shots, actors, and special effects. To enhance your storytelling abilities, observe and assess various movie genres, and endeavour to recognise the elements that make the narrative captivating.

Script Movies

3. Camera Techniques & Story Board

In order to advance, it’s important to develop a strong skillset in camera techniques. A storyboard, which is a series of sketches outlining the shots you intend to capture, can be an integral aspect of the filmmaking process. I strongly recommend utilizing this method if it is feasible for you.There are a variety of techniques that filmmakers employ to create certain effects and elicit emotions from their viewers. For example, a close-up shot can help the audience connect with the character’s emotions, while a wide shot can provide context and establish the setting of a scene. If you are an aspiring filmmaker, it’s crucial to have knowledge of various camera techniques, angles, and movements in order to effectively enhance the narration of your story.

Filmmaking Storyboard

4. Lighting

When it comes to filmmaking, lighting plays a crucial role in establishing the overall tone and mood of a scene. By effectively utilizing shadow, light, and contrast, filmmakers are able to create a dramatic effect that conveys the emotions of the characters and the atmosphere of the scene. Different lighting techniques are used, depending on the requirements of the scene, such as natural light, practical light sources, and LED lights.

5. Sound Design

Effective sound design is often underestimated, yet it plays a pivotal role in delivering a strong emotional impact on audiences. All sound effects, whether it’s the background score or the characters’ movements, contribute to setting the atmosphere, tone, and emotions of a scene. The sound design team works on various sound elements, such as dialogue, score, and foley sounds (such as footsteps, doors opening, and closing). If you want to make your film stand out, it is recommended to hire professionals to handle the sound design.

6. The Cast & Crew

When assembling your crew, there are different options depending on your starting point. If you have a budget, you can hire casting agents. If you have limited funds, you can begin by using casting sites and searching through Facebook groups and other communities to promote your project and find suitable actors. It’s important to take your time when selecting the right team for your film. When choosing crew members, make sure to review their previous work and experience, and ask for samples or showreels if possible. Additionally, holding auditions can help you find the most suitable actors and actresses for your roles.

7. The Locations

If you need to create a specific setting, you may need to build sets. However, if an actual location works for your scene, you’ll need to scout for the best spots. Bring a camera with you and travel as much as possible, taking pictures of places that could serve as the perfect setting for your scenes. Remember to consider friends and family locations to stay within your budget, if your story allows.

8. Filmmaking

One of the most challenging, yet enjoyable phases of filmmaking for me is the production phase. During this phase, the characters and lines that I have written in my study room come to life. It can be challenging at times, especially if you are just starting out, as compromises need to be made on a daily basis. For instance, I once had a location cancel on me and had to figure out a solution for the 35-member crew that was waiting around for direction. To ensure a smooth shoot, it’s important to have a shooting script and an organised schedule of what will be filmed and when. Allow yourself ample time to shoot scenes so that you don’t feel rushed and can handle any unexpected issues that may arise. Bear in mind that a scene that lasts only a minute in the final cut may take more than five hours to film.

9. Post-Production

The final stage of making a film is called post-production, which is when everything is combined. This includes editing, sound design, color grading, music creation, and other technical aspects. Post-production is essential to make the story more compelling and have the desired effect on viewers. You can become proficient in post-production by learning software programs such as Adobe Premiere Pro, Final Cut Pro, DaVinci Resolve, or After Effects.


To sum up, the art of filmmaking involves bringing your imaginative ideas to reality. To achieve this, it’s important to have a good grasp of storytelling, camera techniques, lighting, sound design, and post-production. By mastering these skills, you can create captivating films that resonate with your audience’s feelings and thoughts. Consistent practice, patience, and perseverance are essential for success in this field. Keep refining your craft, and who knows, your movie could become the talk of the town someday.

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